Dry Eye

This is a very common eye problem and occurs either when there are insufficient tears produced or due to increased evaporation of the tears.

Symptoms

Dry eye can cause a significant decrease in quality of life due to its impact in all daily activities. It may cause irritation, tearing, redness, decrease in vision, light sensitivity and may even lead to corneal staining with secondary infections and scarring.

Causes and risk factors

There are numerous factors that may precipitate or worsen dry eye disease. These include age, sex, work environments, travel and air conditioning, certain chronic illnesses such as autoimmune diseases, medications, previous or current ocular problems, ocular surgery and Lasik , contact lens wear and lid abnormalities.

Treatment

The treatment depends on the cause as well as and predisposing factors. There are numerous types of drops and supplements as well as lifestyle changes that may be applicable. This will depend on what your Ophthalmologist finds. Treatment is usually chronic and requires dedication from the patient.

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